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Durian production season in Thailand

Updated: Dec 4, 2023


In the past, Thailand was able to produce durian to the market approximately 4 months per year, starting from May - June, which is a product produced in the eastern region. Then continue the production season with produce from the southern region. Between July - August, Thailand currently produces durian to the market approximately 9 months per year, starting from February - October, divided into products from various areas as follows.

Durian before the season in Rayong and Chanthaburi provinces, farmers are successful. in commercial production of pre-season durian using paclobutrazol Accelerate the durian to flower. in august and can be harvested In February, it also makes it more productive. Goes to market between February - April before normal seasonal produce goes to market in May - June

Durian is hunted in Chanthaburi and Chumphon provinces. Farmers in Pong Nam Ron district Successful in durian production and the produce can be released to the market in July - August, as well as farmers in Chumphon Province can produce durian to be released to the market. In September - October

Dawei durian, farmers who produce Dawei durian The produce can be gradually cut to the market throughout the year. By considering marketing conditions such as various festivals and trying to avoid production. Do not allow the production to come out during the normal production season between May - August, when the price of durian products is low.

1. Durian production before the season Durian production before the season This can be done by spraying the durian trees. With paclobutrazol, concentration 1,000 - 1,500 parts per million. The concentration of the substance used depends on the availability of the durian tree. If the tree is very complete This can be observed from the old leaves being large in size. Shiny dark green Many layers of young leaves have emerged recently. The length of joints between each layer of leaves is considerable. Spray with high concentration. When spraying, you must use a leaf-busting agent every time. To increase the efficiency of absorption of paclobutrazol by plants.

2. Durian production Local durian production is controlling the ripeness of durian fruits for harvesting at the end of the production season in order to avoid the problem of falling product prices. During the period that durian production generally comes out in abundance. Between May - June (eastern region) or between July - August (southern region), durian production methods can be done by

(a) Prolong the time of maturity of fruits produced from flowers that emerge during the normal season.

(b) by destroying the first generation of flowers by plucking and discarding the flowers or use chemicals Then preserve the 2nd or 3rd generation flowers that come later.

(c) Postpone the flowering of the first generation to later than usual. By giving water and fertilizer to durian trees. As the climate becomes dry Ready to induce flowering during the normal season. Or you may use plant growth regulators.

3. Dawei durian production Dawei durian is durian that gradually ripens to the market throughout the year. Dawei durian production technology has been developed. Using the following principles:

1) Pour paclobutrazol into the soil at a rate of 20 - 80 grams/tree. The durian will gradually bloom. According to various types of branches throughout the year.

2) Select branches for use in fruit bearing according to the tree's readiness condition. And the condition of readiness of various types of branches.

3) Manage production factors such as fertilizer, water, plant protection, pollination, and pruning of flowers and fruits, etc. according to the steps of durian production technology in accordance with the condition of the tree. And readiness in various aspects of each branch.

4) From the use of paclobutrazol on the soil. Durian trees will always have small leaves and short joints. This condition can be improved by spraying substances containing Cytokinin 2-3 times as well as managing various production factors such as pruning. Fertilizing, watering, and protecting plants against disease and insects.

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